Periodontitis/ gum disease is a common dental infection that damages the bone and soft tissues surrounding a tooth. Failure or delayed treatment can lead to tooth loss. The disease is so prevalent that it is among the leading causes of tooth loss.
This blog will discuss more about it, so you can detect it before it is too late. Additionally, you will learn various things you can do to protect yourself.
Fast Facts about Periodontitis
- It affects both the gum and bone
- Surgery is among the treatment options
- Smoking drastically increases the chances of developing gum disease
- Periodontitis is treatable
Your dentist will ask you several questions as he tries to establish the presence of gum disease. Among the things you can expect are a medical history check and several other factors as outlined below.
The dentist will ask about your medical history to establish the factors causing the symptoms of periodontitis. He will ask you about the medications you are taking and probably if you are a smoker. Then he will examine your mouth, looking for tartar, plaque, or bleeding gums.
The other step is measuring the pocket depth. Pocket is the depth between one’s gums and teeth. He does this by placing a dental probe beneath the gum line throughout the mouth. Your pocket depth should be between one and three millimeters. If it exceeds that, there is a high chance you are suffering from periodontitis.
Finally, the dentist will conduct a dental x-ray to check for bone loss in areas with deep pockets. You can talk to us if you need a dentist in Richland Hill.
A periodontist or a dentist can perform treatment of periodontal disease. A periodontist is a specialist trained and has the experience to diagnose, treat, and prevent gum disease. A general dentist can get the job done too.
There are several periodontal treatment options, and they include:
Scaling involves removing plaque, tartar, and bacterial from the surface of your teeth and beneath the gums. The procedure can be performed using an ultrasonic device or a laser.
This procedure smooths the patient’s root surfaces to discourage the further buildup of plaque and bacteria. It also removes the bacterial byproducts responsible for inflammation and delayed healing.
Both oral and topical antibiotics can help control bacterial infection. In most cases, you will be given oral antibiotics as they help eliminate the infection-causing bacteria.
If periodontitis is severe and cannot be treated through non-surgical methods, you may have to resort to surgical ones. Among the common surgical treatments is flap surgery. The surgery is usually performed to help the dentist clean the gums more efficiently.
Soft Tissue Grafts
The procedure is done to fix receding gums caused by gum disease. The dentist reinforces the damaged soft tissues by getting some from the roof of your mouth, from another person, animal, or using artificial soft tissues. The surgery also helps cover exposed roots.
Guided Tissue Regeneration
This treatment allows regrowth of the bone affected by gum disease. It involves the placement of a biocompatible piece on the existing bone. The material helps prevent unneeded tissue from entering the healing area, allowing the bone to grow. Talk to us if you require a Saturday dentist near you in Richland Hill.
How to Prevent Periodontitis
There are several ways of preventing periodontal disease, and they include:
Maintain proper oral hygiene
The best way of preventing gum/periodontal disease is by maintaining oral hygiene measures of the highest standards. After all your meals, brush your teeth to remove any food that remains before it develops to plaque and then tartar. Also, floss them daily to remove the ones you may have missed while brushing, especially the ones between your teeth and along the gum line.
A mouthwash helps get rid of any food remains you might have missed while brushing and flossing.
Know the risks
Among the things that increase the risk for gum disease is diet, smoking, and age. If you are at an increased risk, talk to a professional.
See the dentist
Visit the dentist at least once every twelve months for a comprehensive periodontal evaluation. That way, you will always be on the safe side.
Spark Dental Family Dentist
For fantastic dental services in Richland Hill, book an appointment now. Our services are quite affordable, and we are open even on Saturdays. Book an appointment now.